Coach Pete

Expert advice for Swimmers, Triathletes, and Coaches

Loveland…My Home Town makes some news!!!!

Industry News: FINA Partners With Colorado Time Systems — January 28, 2009

LOVELAND, Colorado, January 28. FINA has signed a five-year Timing & Scoring sponsorship agreement (2009-13) with Colorado Time Systems, a Loveland, Colorado., based company.
“FINA is very pleased with this agreement and the services it includes. The professionalism and experience of Colorado Time Systems will bring a great benefit to the Championships’ organizers and will certainly enhance the image of the FINA Junior World Swimming Championships worldwide,” said FINA President Mustapha Larfaoui.
Colorado Time Systems has an unequivocal domestic market share in the aquatics industry, with a majority of aquatic facilities utilizing their swim timing, scoring, and display equipment. The agreement between FINA and Colorado Time Systems points to significant progress in the recognition of an American company as a partner to this international sports authority. As a partner, Colorado Time Systems will be providing all timing, scoring, and data handling services to the FINA Junior World Swimming Championships, the first being held in Lima, Peru.”Colorado Time Systems is pleased to work in conjunction with FINA to enhance the championship experience for athletes, organizers, and spectators. This is an ideal venue to attract more young athletes to participate in aquatic sports,” said Dr. Anita Sayed, President & CEO of Colorado Time Systems.
Based in Loveland, Colorado, Colorado Time Systems has established a reputation for precision and innovation in swim timing equipment. Since 1972, premier aquatic facilities have chosen Colorado Time Systems for platinum quality timing, scoring, and display systems.
Special thanks to Colorado Time Systems for contributing this report.

January 30, 2009 Posted by | Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Swim Suit Controversy

There are several outstanding articles written by John Leonard ASCA Executive Director on this swim suit controversy. Take time time to read these informative articles. You can view them by going to the American Swim Coaches link on my BLOG ROLL. His last article, Why An Elite Athlete in Swimming Should Want The Focus on Themselves and Not on Technology.
By John Leonard …
I found this to be his best article and I totally agree with him

January 29, 2009 Posted by | Uncategorized | Leave a comment

How Swimming helped me in my youth

I grew up in a town in Queens New York called “Corona” it was predominately made up of hard working Italian families. It was a “working man’s” neighborhood. Most Dad’s had limited education and most had migrated from Italy to find their dream in the USA. Most Moms were stay at home moms who cleaned their homes, cooked huge meals and cared for their kids. Playing softball in the park and running around play Ring-O-Lero ( a rough house game for boys) was what most of us did  when we were in grade school. As we approached high school gangs started to form the way you got along in the streets . I found my refuge at the local pool called Flushing Meadow Amphitheater Pool in Flushing Meadow/Corona Park. I found that the gang members kind of respected that I was different. I was a diver who trained every day and they didn’t mess with me.  

.  Here I am as a young 14 year old diver at my favorite place…THE POOL, who knew then that this is where I would spend most of my adult life, who knew then that Coaching Swimming is what I would do most of my adult life. I have swimming to thank for keeping me out of trouble in my neighborhood. So many of young boys from Corona wound up in Jail, or dying from drug overdose it is scary….


The pool is where I met my lovely wife Ginny, now 52 years later we look back at those days like it was yesterday. Ginny was also a kid from Corona escaping the street scene. Ginny began her swimming career, swimming along the lane that divided the deep water from the shallow water, she went on to be a great swimmer and a great swimming teacher and coach.

I also have my deep faith in the Lord keeping me grounded in a good life. My hero of course was my Dad, he was a good man who loved his children. He only wanted his children to be strong, healthy and get educated. At dinner at night, he would ask us…”OK Peter, what did you learn today”? And boy, you better have had an answer!……Thought I would share these thoughts with you today….Coach Pete

January 29, 2009 Posted by | Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Great Posters





January 27, 2009 Posted by | Uncategorized | Leave a comment

My Coach of Coaches….Eddie Reese

eddie reese Much has been said about the 2008 Men’s Olympic Swim Team, but not much has been said about their coach, Eddie Reese. He was the guy who put all of these star’s together and made them gel like a fine Swiss clock. He has been my idol for as long as I was coaching, his style and expertise has influenced me to be the coach that I was. I would like to share with you his bio, I hope you find it interesting

Since taking over the swimming program at The University of Texas in 1978, Eddie Reese has established a tradition of excellence in Austin and set the standard in collegiate swimming. The 2005 and 2006 ASCA Coach of the Year, an eight-time NCAA Coach of the Year and three-time United States Men’s Olympic Team head coach, Reese has led Texas to nine NCAA team titles in his 30 seasons in Austin.

After placing 21st at the NCAA Championships in his first season (1979) at Texas, Reese’s teams have never finished lower than seventh at the national meet. His Texas team will enter the 2008-09 season with two incredible streaks to its credit: 29 consecutive top-10 finishes at the NCAA Championship and 29 consecutive conference titles. Along the way, Reese has developed 41 NCAA individual champions, 29 national champion relays, 192 All-Americans and 26 Olympians who have won 29 gold medals.

During the 1980s, the Longhorns claimed three NCAA team titles (1981, 1988, 1989) and all 10 Southwest Conference crowns. In 1981, just three years after taking over the Texas program, Reese captured his first national team championship. From 1981 to 1986, Texas turned in two NCAA runner-up performances (1982, 1984) and placed third in the national meet three times (1983, 1985, 1986).

After Reese’s initial fifth-place showing at the NCAAs with Texas in 1987, the Longhorns closed the decade strong, reeling off back-to-back titles in 1988 and 1989. His squads in the 1990s continued on that torrid pace, winning NCAA team titles in 1990, 1991 and 1996. The Longhorns finished second at Nationals in 1992 and 1994, placed third in 1993 and 1999 and took fourth in 1995. Texas also won each of the last seven SWC crowns (1990-96).

Reese began the new millennium in the same fashion, winning three consecutive NCAA Championships (2000, 2001 and 2002). Texas placed second at Nationals in 2003, finished third in 2004, seventh in 2005, fourth in 2006 and fifth in 2007. UT placed second at the 2008 NCAA Championships, marking Reese’s seventh second-place NCAA finish to go with his nine NCAA titles. Reese’s teams have finished in the top three at the NCAA Championships in 23 of his 30 seasons at Texas. The Longhorns have maintained their dominance at the conference level, winning all 12 Big 12 crowns and 29 consecutive conference titles.

The list of individuals that Reese has developed while at Texas reads like a “Who’s Who” in collegiate and international swimming. The trio of Ian Crocker, Brendan Hansen and 2005 USA Swimming Athlete of the Year Aaron Peirsol have left their marks throughout the Texas and NCAA record books.

The 2004 NCAA Swimmer of the Year, Crocker (2001-04) concluded his collegiate career as a 10-time NCAA Champion and 22-time All-American. He joined legends Pablo Morales (Stanford) and Mark Spitz (Indiana) as the only swimmers to win four straight NCAA titles in the 100 butterfly. Hansen (2001-04), a 13-time NCAA Champion and 16-time All-American, became the first person in NCAA history to win both the 100 and 200 breaststroke in each of his four years.

Hansen, who never lost a breaststroke race at the conference or national meet, was only the third person in NCAA history to win two different events in every year of his eligibility. Peirsol, the 2003 NCAA Swimmer of the Year, won the 200 backstroke at the national championships in each of his two seasons before turning professional at the end of the 2004 campaign. In just two collegiate seasons, the California native collected six NCAA championships and 11 All-America certificates.

Nate Dusing (1998-2001), a 27-time All-American, was another recent success story on the national scene. In 2001, Dusing won the 200 IM (1:42.85), breaking the American and NCAA record set by Florida’s Greg Burgess in 1993, while also claiming the 200 backstroke title. He also swam on four NCAA Championship relay squads, setting American and NCAA records in each relay to push his career collegiate titles to two individual and nine relay crowns. Dusing was named 2001 NCAA Swimmer of the Year.

Josh Davis (1990-94) left Texas as a 23-time NCAA All-American and four-time NCAA champion. He earned NCAA titles as a member of the championship 400 and 800 free relays helping the Longhorns capture the 1990 NCAA team title. After winning the 200 free in 1993 for his first individual title, Davis finished his career in style, swimming the second leg of the American, U.S. Open and NCAA record-setting 400 free relay in 1994.

Shaun Jordan (1988-91) won four NCAA team titles in four years as a Longhorn. In 1991, Jordan won NCAA individual titles in the 50 and 100 free and also swam on three winning relay squads (200 and 400 free and the 200 medley). In 1989, he won four titles, capturing the 100 free while also swimming three victorious relay units (200, 400 and 800 free). In 1990, Jordan swam on four NCAA champion relay squads (200, 400 and 800 free as well as the 400 medley) and turned in runner-up finishes in the 50 and 100 free as well as the 100 fly.

Kirk Stackle (1987-90) won an individual title at the NCAAs for three straight years. In 1988, he won the 200 breaststroke and was the runner-up in the 100 breaststroke. In 1989, he finished just the opposite with a win in the 100 breaststroke and a second-place finish in the 200 breaststroke. In 1990, Stackle won his second consecutive title in the 100 breaststroke, while also swimming a leg on the winning 400 medley relay.

Clay Britt (1980-83), a backstroke specialist, was also a member of the national champion 400-medley relay squad in each of his three years under Reese. Britt won his first 100 backstroke title in 1980 and went on to dominate that event and claim the next two NCAA titles in 1981 and 1982.

One of Reese’s prize UT pupils, Rick Carey (1981-84) continued the tradition of national champion backstrokers started by Britt. Carey claimed three straight NCAA titles in the 200 backstroke and a pair of NCAA individual crowns in the 100 backstroke. He was the fourth Longhorn inducted into the International Swimming Hall of Fame and is a member of the Longhorn Hall of Honor.

Reese’s Honor Roll at Texas
Reese was the American Swim Coaches’ Association (ASCA) Coach of the Year in 2006, 2005 and 1991. In 1991, he earned the National Collegiate Scholar and Swimming Trophy from the College Swimming Coaches Association (CSCA). The trophy, which is the highest honor bestowed by the CSCA, recognizes a coach’s overall contribution to the sport over an extended period of time and is reserved for an individual who has represented both collegiate athletics and swimming with honor and pride throughout his career. In November 1996, Reese was inducted into the Longhorn Hall of Honor, which recognizes former athletes, coaches and staff members “who have brought honor and renown to The University of Texas.” Reese was voted directly into the Hall of Honor as a special exception to the rule, which stipulates that a coach or staff member must be retired five years before consideration.

He was inducted into the Texas Sports Hall of Fame in Waco on Feb. 12, 2002. Just the third member of the Hall of Fame to be voted in based on swimming credentials, Reese joined an impressive list of UT alumni who have been honored, including Darrell K Royal, Roger Clemens, Earl Campbell, Tom Kite and Cliff Gustafson.

The Reese honor roll culminated in May 2002, when he was elected as an honor coach and inducted into the International Swimming Hall of Fame (ISHOF) in Fort Lauderdale, Fla. Reese was inducted along with eight other honorees in the Class of 2002.

Prior to Texas
Reese came to Texas after a remarkable six-year rebuilding job at Auburn University. When he took the job at Auburn in 1972, he inherited a team that had not qualified a single swimmer for the finals or consolation finals of the Southeastern Conference Championships during the previous season. Six years later, the Tigers had produced four consecutive Top 10 showings at the NCAAs, culminating in a second-place finish in 1978.

After posting a 4-3 dual-meet record and qualifying for the SEC Championships in his first season, Reese led the Tigers to a 3-3 dual-meet mark and a third-place performance at SECs, earning Auburn its first trip to NCAA Championships in 1974. Over the next three years, the Tigers earned three Top 10 team finishes at the NCAAs, placed third in the SEC three times and boasted a combined record of 15-4. However, Reese’s finest season at Auburn was yet to come. In 1978, the Tigers posted a dual-meet record of 8-1, placed second in the SEC and turned in a runner-up team finish at the NCAA Championships, the highest in program history.

As a swimmer in his native Florida, Reese won two state championships in the 200 individual medley for Daytona Beach Mainland High School. He then became a standout swimmer at the University of Florida, where he led the Gators to three SEC titles (1961, ’62, and ’63). As the team’s co-captain in his senior season (1963), Reese became the first Florida swimmer to win five SEC titles in a single year. He claimed first place in the 200 breaststroke, the 200 and 400 individual medleys, the 400 free relay and the 400 medley relay. In fact, his seven career SEC individual titles still ranks in a tie for third on the school’s career chart.

After earning his bachelor’s degree in physical education from Florida in 1963, Reese remained with the Gators as a graduate assistant coach earning his master’s degree in 1965. Reese then coached and taught at Roswell (N.M.) High School for two years (1965-66) before returning to Florida as an assistant coach. He worked with the Gators as an assistant for six seasons (1967-72), when he accepted the head coaching position at Auburn.

Reese at the Olympics
Due to his wealth of international experience and the respect the swimming community has for him Reese was named head men’s swimming coach for the 2008 U.S. Olympic men’s swimming team in September of 2006, marking his third selection as the head coach. He served in the same capacity during the 1992 Barcelona Games and the 2004 Athens Games. In addition to his head coaching duties, Reese worked as an assistant coach for the U.S. in three other Olympiads: 1988 (Seoul), 1996 (Atlanta) and 2000 (Sydney).

Seven of Reese’s current and former swimmers – including first-time Olympians Ricky Berens, Scott Spann, Dave Walters and Garrett Weber-Gale – joined Reese in Beijing and accounted for about one-third of the 22-member USA team while capturing eight gold medals and one silver medal. Weber-Gale joined Michael Phelps, Cullen Jones and Jason Lezak to win his first gold medal and set a new world record in a thrilling 400m freestyle relay in Beijing, and Berens teamed up with Phelps, Ryan Lochte and Peter Vanderkaay to win Olympic gold and become the first 800m freestyle relay quartet to eclipse the seven-minute barrier in the event. Walters joined Berens in the 800m freestyle relay preliminary and also earned his first Olympic gold medal.

Weber-Gale added his second relay gold when he anchored Team USA’s 400m medley relay in the preliminary round, where he was joined by Ian Crocker, who swam the butterfly leg in the preliminary round to earn a gold medal. Aaron Peirsol and Brendan Hansen swam the event’s backstroke and breaststroke legs in the finals, where Team USA won gold and set a new world record.

Peirsol, a three-time Olympian, collected his third career individual Olympic gold medal by setting a new world mark in the 100m backstroke, and he added a silver medal in the 200m backstroke. Hansen reached the 100m breaststroke finals, where he placed fourth, and Crocker took fourth in the 100m butterfly finals.

At the 2004 Athens Games, senior Nathan O’Brien qualified for Team Canada while a total of seven former Longhorns (Crocker, Nate Dusing, Scott Goldblatt, Gary Hall Jr., Hansen, Peirsol and Neil Walker) – equivalent to one-third of the entire men’s squad – earned a spot on the United States’ Olympic Team.
Leading the Texas swimmers at the 2004 Athens Games was Peirsol, who duplicated American teammate Lenny Krayzelburg’s sweep of the backstroke in Sydney, Australia, and became only the fifth swimmer in Olympic history and second Texas swimmer to win both backstroke events (Rick Carey, 1984); Crocker, who won gold in the 400 medley relay, silver in the 100 butterfly and bronze in the 400 freestyle relay, and Hansen, who captured gold in the 400 medley relay, silver in the 100 breaststroke and bronze in the 200 breaststroke.

Gary Hall, Jr., who was competing in his third-straight Olympiad, won the 50-meter freestyle for the second year in succession. Hall, Jr., Dusing and Walker each earned bronze medals swimming the 400 freestyle relay, while Walker also captured his second-straight gold medal in the 400 medley relay. Meanwhile, Goldblatt captured his first career gold medal as a member of the 800 freestyle relay team.
All said, Texas swimmers had medaled in six individual events and swam at least one leg on all three medal-winning relay squads.

At the 2000 Olympics, Crocker and Peirsol joined with seven former Longhorns (Josh Davis, Dusing, Scott Goldblatt, Gary Hall Jr., Tommy Hannan, Jamie Rauch and Neil Walker – on the United States team. Overall, Longhorn swimmers accounted for one-third of the entire U.S. men’s team in Sydney. UT made up three-fourths of the 400-meter medley relay team that captured a gold medal with Walker, Hannan and Crocker. The 800-meter freestyle relay team, which was made up entirely of former Longhorns, won the silver medal with Davis, Dusing, Goldblatt and Rauch. Walker and Davis won silver medals with the 400-meter freestyle relay team, while Peirsol earned a silver medal in the 200-meter backstroke before even stepping foot on the UT campus.

As head coach of the 1992 U.S. team in Barcelona, Reese’s swimmers captured 13 medals, including six gold. Former Longhorns Hans Dersch earned a gold in the 400-meter medley relay (prelims). Doug Gjertsen captured gold in the 400-meter free relay (prelims) and a bronze as a member of the American 800-meter free relay, and Shaun Jordan won gold swimming a prelim leg on USA’s 400-meter relay team.

All in all, Reese has coached a total of 26 Olympians who have gone on to win a combined 29 gold medals. His list of individual event gold medalists include: Brad Bridgewater, Rick Carey, Josh Davis, Hans Dersch, Gary Hall Jr., Chris Jacobs, Shaun Jordan and Aaron Peirsol.

Rick Carey, one of Reese’s prize pupils, won three gold medals, in the 100 and 200 backstroke, as well as the 400 medley relay at the 1984 Los Angeles Games. Josh Davis matched this feat at the 1996 Atlanta Games capturing gold in the 400 medley relay, the 400 free relay and 800 free relay.

The Reese Philosophy
Reese’s ability to train his athletes technically has been a big part of his success, but his unique approach to swimming and training may be his best attribute. That combination is what makes Reese one of the world’s finest coaches, regardless of sport. He possesses a thorough knowledge of swimming fundamentals, an eye for talent, a genuine care for his athletes and the ability to communicate and motivate.

Reese’s style is the staple of the Longhorns program. Always calm, unflappable, amiable and quick with a joke, he is a man who likes to work hard but doesn’t see why hard work must be dull. The Texas team reflects the coach’s personality. It is a loose bunch, but the team knows when to buckle down. In fact, Reese contends that his championship teams have excelled because they outwork everybody else.
At Texas, team success derives from individual accomplishments. For Reese, the individual swimmers have priority.

“I’ve always worried about the individual first,” Reese said. “We don’t talk about winning the NCAA Championship. We talk about what it takes for each individual to get better. What satisfies me as a coach is seeing people go faster than they ever have before. With that focus, we are in a battle for the championship every year. I like that, too.”

UT assistant coach Kris Kubik, an All-American swimmer at North Carolina State and graduate assistant under Reese at Auburn in the mid-1970s, sees Reese as a teacher in the best sense of the word.
“Eddie is constantly teaching,” Kubik said. “He does a lot of talking about life, as much as he talks about swimming. He talks about how to apply what you learn in swimming to life. It’s very important to him that his swimmers enjoy what they are doing. Eddie has designed a program that is totally unpredictable. I don’t think there is a harder working team in the country, but we spread our workout over the entire week and it’s never the same on any given day, so we have the ability to be stay loose.”

The idea of finding enjoyment in the pursuit of one’s maximum potential is the heart of Reese’s coaching philosophy.

“A lot of people look for the easy way to do anything,” Reese said. “In swimming, there is no easy way. To succeed in any sport there are two keys – after the obvious needs of a certain amount of ability and hard work – and these keys are self-image and enjoyment. It’s something you have to work on every day, day-in and day-out. Everybody knows how to work people hard. The key is to work them hard and protect the mind.”

The Personal Side
Reese and his wife, Elinor, have two daughters, Holly and Heather. Holly and her husband, David Bowman, have two sons: Reese, 12, and Luke, 8. Heather and her husband, Travis Ormond, have one daughter, Evan, 5, and one son, Beck, 3. An avid fisher and hunter, Reese also has a soft spot for the family dog, Belle.

January 27, 2009 Posted by | Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Coaching for the Game of Life

This a very well written article that I have had in my files form the late 70’s when I was coaching basketball in Queens New York. It is written by Colman McCarthy he was a syndicated columnist for the Washington Post his article was printed in the  New York Daily News. It was a cold snowy day here in Colorado and I was at home all day, so I went through some of my old files and came across this article to share with you:

sports article

January 27, 2009 Posted by | Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Streamline Position Awareness

It is very obvious to me that I was right in my opinion that age group swimmers don’t think streamline is an important part of their swim. After writing what I thought was a very good article on the importance of attaining a perfect strong streamline position off of every turn and start, there have been only 3 people who found the article important enough to read…..I suppose if you would ask Phelps or Lochte or Torres what do you think about attaining a perfect streamline position? They would respond to it as being the number one technique that helped them swim as fast as they do. How we coaches get this fact through the heads of these young swimmers we train? After many years of not training I have recently started a training program and have been swimming three days a week. At my age (71years) I have to use all the help I can get to be able to make it from one end of the pool to the other, what helps me is …you guessed it, STREAMLINE !!!!……TAKE THE CHALLANGE MAKE EVERY TURN PERFECT!

If you disagree or agree with me, please let me know about it. Feel free to comment on it.   

January 24, 2009 Posted by | Uncategorized | Leave a comment

USA Swimming Distributes New Interpretation Regarding Suit Restrictions for Age Groupers

 — January 21, 2009

COLORADO SPRINGS, Colorado, January 21. IN a memo sent out by the USA Swimming Rules & Regulations Committee this week, USA Swimming has incorporated religious and medical issues into its latest suit restrictions for age groupers.
According to the memo:
The amended rule, which will become effective May 15, 2009, reads as follows:

102.9 Swimwear
.1 Design
A Swimsuits worn for all 12 & under age group defined competition shall not cover the neck, extend past the shoulder, nor past the knee.
B Swimsuits worn for competition must be non-transparent and conform to the current concept of the appropriate.
C The Referee shall have the authority to bar offenders from the competition until they comply with the rule.

However, since the initial ratification of the amendment by the USA Swimming House of Delegates, some questions came up regarding the potentially discriminatory nature of the rule. Additionally, some issues regarding medical conditions that require a swimmer to “avoid direct sunlight exposure” to the skin have been brought up.
USA Swimming has addressed these two issues with the following interpretation:
An exemption to Article 102.9.1 may be granted, on a case by case basis, to a swimmer who:
1. Based upon the swimmer’s stated religious beliefs, is required to wear a suit that covers more of the swimmer’s body than is permitted under this Rule; or
2. Whose medical condition requires more of the swimmer’s body to be covered than permitted under this Rule.
This exemption does not extend to the use of any swimwear that has ever been promoted by its manufacturer as providing a performance advantage, or has otherwise been described as providing a technological advantage. This exemption applies to both USA Swimming’s Rule and to any comparable rule adopted by any LSC and takes precedence over any determination by any member of an LSC.
All requests for any exemption must be submitted to the Chair of the USA Swimming Rules & Regulations Committee, or his/her designee. The request must be communicated in writing, including the use of e-mail, at least ten (10) days in advance of any competition for which the exemption is sought. The request must include:
1. The swimmer’s name, registration number and the name of LSC in which the swimmer is registered;
2. A statement explaining that the exemption is made necessary by the swimmer’s religious principles or for medical reasons;
3. A representation by the swimmer that the exemption is being sought for religious reasons and not to increase performance or, in the case of a medical reason, a written statement from a physician specifying the requirement to have parts of the body covered that are not permitted under this Article; and
4. A photo or description of the swimsuit the swimmer proposes to wear so the Rules Chair can evaluate whether any technological advantage has been advertised or documented for the suit.
The Rules Chair will then advise the swimmer and the appropriate LSC officials chair whether the exemption has been granted. The Rules Chair shall have the authority to grant the exemption on a permanent basis in his/her sole discretion. The decision of the Rules Chair can be appealed only to the entire Rules & Regulations Committee whose decision shall be final and binding on all parties.

January 21, 2009 Posted by | Uncategorized | Leave a comment

A Point of Interest….

There is so little interest in STREAMLINE POSITION, it is thought of as being trivial and unimportant. The other day I wrote, what I thought was a very good article on the importance of the STREAMLINE POSTION off turns and starts. I thought that it would be read by many of you and perhaps it would be a helpful tip on how to achieve better performance, but it seems that there is very little interest in perfecting this technique. It seems that most of my readers are more interested in the LZR swim suite. Sorry if I seem angry about this, but that is how I feel, and that is how it is in this generation of swimmers who think all I have to do is to put on the Superman Suit and off I go!…. UP,UP AND AWAY!!!!!!!!

January 19, 2009 Posted by | Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Streamline Position

phelps steamlining

I think that the easiest technique for a coach to teach is to “Streamline” off your turns and starts….The hardest technique for a coach to get his swimmers to perform is “Streamline” …It sometimes drives a coach crazy to stand on the pool deck and watch his swimmers come off the wall like a tug boat!!! The big secret that Phelps and most of the other world class swimmers are their streamline position off their turns and starts.. Below is a very good explanation of streamline, check it out! …Then go do it every turn, every start !!!!


Used most typically in competitive swimming, the streamline position is the position a swimmer takes underwater after pushing off a pool wall. To streamline, a swimmer must tuck the head into the collar bone, pointing both arms straight ahead in a tight line. The underside of both arms should be pressing on the back of the head. This position produces the most hydrodynamic position a human can take while accelerating underwater.

Kicking in the streamline position underwater can be substantially faster than swimming any of the other aquatic strokes, competitive or otherwise. For this reason, competitive swimmers often try to kick in a streamline position off a wall or the starting block for as long as they can underwater before coming up for their first stroke. The Fédération Internationale de Natation (FINA), otherwise known as the International Swimming Federation has strict regulations for underwater swimming in a FINA-regulated event. They regulate the length of the pool a swimmer may travel after the start or any turn without his/her head breaking the surface of the water, as well as the number of strokes (and, in the case of breaststroke, also the number of kicks) a swimmer may take underwater at these times.

The length one may travel underwater when racing in any one of the competitive strokes — backstroke, breaststroke, butterfly and freestyle (typically performed as a crawl stroke) — is 15 meters or 16.4 yards. This is slightly less than two-thirds of a 25 yard or meter pool (short-course) and slightly less than one-third of a 50 meter pool (long course).[1]

Most major competitive swimming, water polo, open water, synchronized swimming and diving events, including those at the Olympic games are affiliated with FINA. Other organizations, such as USA Swimming (formerly United States Swimming or USS), the United States’ national swimming organization, have analogous rules concerning the distance a swimmer may propel underwater. USA Swimming allows a swimmer to propel no more than 15 meters (16.4 yards) underwater without the head breaking the surface in any of the competitive strokes except for breaststroke. There is no specified limit in this stroke, but, since the number of underwater strokes and kicks are regulated, this becomes a moot point to competitive swimming. It is not hydrodynamic to maintain this position past a certain distance, which is invariably less than the length of a short-course pool.

All of these regulations apply to races measured in both yards and meters and performed in both short-course and long-course pools.

January 17, 2009 Posted by | Uncategorized | Leave a comment